Back Issues

Vol 3, No. 1

Vol 2, No. 4
Vol 2, No. 3
Vol 2, No. 2
Vol 2, No. 1

Vol 1, No. 4
Vol 1, No. 3
Vol 1, No. 2
Vol 1, No. 1

Contents

From the Director's Desk

Editorial: The 2001 EOL Awards

Dateline: Buffalo

Contextual Poetry

Autumn Season 2001

Focus: Clayton Hansen

Out and About

The Importance of Not Always Being Ernest

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Vol 3, No. 2— ISSN 1442-0023

 

From the Director's Desk

DR in ParkYou may notice that more than a few things have changed on the IP web site in concert with this issue — if that isn't the case, you haven't visited us lately!

The site's been completely redesigned, and, with the help of the latest Macromedia Web Suite, it will now be Flashier (pun completely intended!), more interactive, and hopefully even more of a joy to visit!

Without giving away all of the goods, I encourage you to have a browse through the main areas of the site, denoted by the buttons at the top of your screen. And do spend some time in the mini-sites for our titles. Each have a Flash movie to introduce you to the Work, and many now have MP3 audio readings! Correct me if I'm wrong, but I think the use of MP3 audio is a first for an Australian publishing house, and even if it isn't we're still pleased to offer it to you!

You should find that, aside from all the glitz, the site works much better. We have optimised the graphics as well as the audio, so pages should load faster and work better for you. We will of course be fine-tuning over the next few months, so if you find any problems, or have any suggestions for making the site more appealing and effective, by all means let us know.

The new design has been applied to past issues of this newsletter and all the links have been updated. So, if you like dabbling in the archives, like time-warped Gary in  Goodnight, Sweetheart you'll be able to keep one foot in the present. With this issue, though, you'll see more of a magazine design. Which makes sense, since the eNews is evolving away from the newsletter format and into a more comprehensive publication.

As well as features by our most recent authors, and news about launches we held in Warwick, Queensland and Sydney, you'll find an article on "contextual poetry" by American Thea Iberall, a set of impressions by our own cyberpoet Komninos Zervos, and my review of the Electronic Poetry Centre's recent competition for the best examples of "electronic literature" world-wide.

This issue also sadly marks the departure of its editor, Ben Selleck, who has moved on to a course in teaching English as a Second Language. I'm sure you'll join me in thanking Ben for his hard work over the past year with IP and wishing him all the best. He's looking forward to some work overseas once he's earned his qualification, and I hope he doesn't enjoy himself too much!

We hope that you enjoy this issue and the revamped site. As always, we welcome your feedback and your submissions.

 

IT'S Anzac Day as I write this, and the early morning show on our local classical music station has John Gielgud reading poetry by Wilfred Owen, Rupert Brooke and the like.

I'm reminded of losses other than those who have fallen in war. Most particularly how we have lost the time and patience to listen to the music of the spoken word.

How many journalists these days have the skill to evoke the emotion of Brooke's "The Soldier" with anything better than cliches:

If I should die, think only this of me:
That there's some corner of a foreign field
That is forever England. There shall be
In that rich earth a richer dust concealed...

But even if we had the time and patience would our authors know how to craft language that inspires? In our latest rebellion against tradition we have lost all sense of context for the present. Too many younger writers emerge with an inflated sense of their own worth partly because they have little appreciation of the classics and why they endure.

New artforms are emerging in concert with advances in technology — and this is good. But the danger is that the written and spoken word will be weaker players on the multimedia stage, with more energy invested on elements that dazzle.

Who listens — or even cares about — the lyrics in most contemporary rock music? How many pop stars build their reputation on words? Will these new multimedia artists invest more energy on special effects than on the literature they aspire to create?

It was with those concerns in mind that I explored the short-list for the 2001 Electronic Literature Awards sponsored by the Electronic Literature Association (ELO). For those of you unfamiliar with the ELO, here is what they say about themselves:

“The Electronic Literature Organization is a 501(c) (3) nonprofit organization with a mission to promote and facilitate the writing, reading, and publishing of literature designed for the electronic media. Based in Chicago, ELO is directed by a national board of leading experts in electronic literature, internet business, and electronic publishing, and is additionally advised by an international board of literary advisors and a board of internet industry advisors. The ELO maintains the Electronic Literature Directory and an Electronic Literature Web Resource Center, staffed by a network of leading e-lit writers operating indepen-dently in different parts of the USA. ELO is support-ed by the donations of individual members, by corporations including ZDNet, and by foundations including the Ford Foundation.”

Aside from the inescapable American [and English language] bias, the organisation has the commendable aim of supporting new forms of literature in the electronic environment. Though they are less clear about their criteria for identify-ing excellence. This should be first about rewarding authors and artists who are skilled in literary expression, and secondly about recognising their ability to transpose the linear into spatial work that straddles artforms

The closest they come to a statement of principles is in the judges' report:

"Many of the first and second round judges commented on the remarkable diversity of works submitted," said Scott Rettberg, executive director of the ELO. "Collectively, these works represent the efforts of a nascent literary movement that takes the electronic media not only as a new means of distributing literature, but also as an interactive space that can be utilized to create entirely new kinds of literary art."

"Entirely new"? Surely originality would suffice. Without a reference point in present and past literary forms how can a work's literary merits be judged? Unless you're one of those theorists who assumes that creative work rises magically from the mists to deny it is anyone's progeny, least of all an 'author's'.

The proof would be in the short-list, as they say.

As expected a high percentage (50%) of the 12 artists are drawn from the US, with three Australian hopefuls, two from the UK and one from Canada.

Bad luck for the rest of the English-speaking world, not to mention those artists unlucky enough not to be fluent in English. But perhaps they'll catch up next year.

Unfortunately some of the works were not accessible on the Net, so their literary credentials are hard to judge. Several of those I could link to were rather hard to see as literature. Consider this sampling from the artists themselves:

“Each fontpiece is accompanied by another piece of work that uses the font to explore the relationship between what is written, what is translated, and
fundamentally, what is communicated when we use language to describe the slipperiness of the Self, the intangibility of Desire, or the sheer possibility of a Politics of the future.”

Slippery, intangibility, sheer possibility? Not something you'd want to curl up with on a snowy Sunday afternoon if you weren't a judge for an international competition. And the work itself meets that billing.

And then there's this gem:

Lexia to Perplexia is a deconstructive/ grammatological look at the construction of User narratives through the attachment to the Internet apparatus. A mix between theory and fiction, the work makes wide use of neologisms, advanced coding, and graphics while exploring the hidden
agencies of attachment and network desire.”

At least this artist makes no apologies for an interest in linguistics, deconstructionist theory and a pallid geek's desire to have a date on Friday night, but does simply calling it "fiction" make it literature? Have a look for yourself if you dare.

Lest the Aussies on the short-list feel neglected, this talent for obfuscation certainly has no respect for the International Dateline:

"_the data][h!][bleeding t.ex][e][ts_r remnants from email performances d-voted to the dispersal of writing that has been n.spired and mutated according 2 the dynamics of an active network. the
texts make use of the polysemic language system termed _mezangelle_, which evolved/s from multifarious email exchanges, computer code flavoured language and net iconographs."

In short this promises to be a "literature" born of overdosing on email spam and Flash leitmotifs, and the work is as mystifying as the syn_opsis.

In the cases where the artist risks stringing together sustained members of linguistically-related code systems [once known as 'sentences'], the work reads no better than an accomplished rough draft:

“...a hypermedia novella exploring memory, girlhoods, cruelty, childhood play and sexuality. The piece is composed as a series of small stories, artifacts, interconnections and meditations from the point of view of a four year old, a ten-year old, a twenty year old...”

The artist uses her medium quite well to 'explore' why she feels good about her sexual preferences, but a good editor would be advising her to be less personal in her writing, i.e. more fictional and less self-indulgent, if the work is to see the light of commercial publication.

No doubt these artists know their media. All are impressive in their use of visuals and web design elements though still not in the same league as their colleagues who have gone commercial. The trick is to integrate the technology with a vision that says something mature and enduring.

The key difference between multimedia contrivance and art is in the content. Whether it demonstrates the artist's mastery of fictional or poetic technique. If we come away from a work wishing we'd had a roadmap, we've been dealing with something other than literature.

There was a notable exception, Him. It's elegant in its use of technology and refreshingly unself-conscious in content. A Flash movie allows the viewer freedom to explore the permutations of theme, and it's written with the precision of language and irony we expect from good literary work. It even says something more than "watch me!"

Of course the CD-ROMs on the shortlist may be better for the extra playing time; we will have to leave that to the judges to judge. One work in particular, a tale about a female Frankenstein, Patchwork Girl, sounds promising. But there's only a teaser on the Eastgate site, with praise from noteworthy authors like Robert Coover and Michael Joyce.

We can only hope that the ELO will post samples from the winning entries if they are from the CD range so that we are better able to see how a work can be "entirely new" in form and literary at the same time.

It's more likely than not that the ELO will be rewarding works that are not quite literature this time around, but that's OK. New artforms, like Rome, won't be perfected in a day. But what needs to be recognised is that these artforms aren't  there yet, and the ELO should have the guts to admit it.

Otherwise, we might as well just turn on the rock videos again.

<title>IP eNews </title>

 

In March, we launched two new print titles,  The Ventriloquist's Child by Clayton Hansen, and Frankenstein's bathtub by Tricia Dearborn. Neither Clayton nor Tricia are from Brisbane, so we thought we'd take their respective launches to their home turf.

Clayton lives in Warwick, a regional town about anVentriloquist's Child hour and half's drive south-west of Brisbane. A primary school principal there, Clayton has more than a few friends, and most of them turned out on the night, despite the fact that we were competing with the pubs on St Patrick's Day (17 March). In all more than 130 people celebrated with us long into the night.

We were most grateful to Audrey Hoffmann who opened up the Warwick Art Gallery for the event, and who made sure that everything worked smoothly. Her team of volunteers assisted Clayton's wife Libby with the catering, and the finger foods and service were so good that many metropolitan venues should take note!

Frankenstein's bathtubA week later, we were at the New South Wales Writers' Centre in Sydney for their Harvest Festival and the launch of Tricia's book, and the venue there was also packed out. In the spirit of the moment I pointed out to the crowd that even though the numbers were a bit down from the previous week, they would still have the chance to match the enthusiasm of Warwick in their purchase of books. The Sydneysiders proved equal to the task!

Thanks to Irina Dunn and the staff of the Centre for helping with all the arrangements and making the launch the success that it was.

If you haven't had the chance to sample these excellent new works, click on the cover images to go to their respective mini-sites. The sites feature Flash movies and MP3 readings, so if you're equipped for multimedia you'll have a treat in store!

Clayton's feature on his book follows, and if you missed Tricia's feature on hers in the last issue, just click on the link to  IP eNews 9.

Speaking of multimedia, I also had the chance to The Galleryprovide demos of my literary multimedia title,  The Gallery, both mornings of the Festival. It was a good excuse to talk about recent developments in New Publishing and the production of e-books as well as the opportunities offered by multimedia and technology for widening the audiences for literary writing.

For those of you interested in viewing a sample from  The Gallery you can now download some sample pdf files from the mini-site. This will take several minutes, and you'll need the free Acrobat Reader and Quicktime players to get the full multimedia experience.

The next issue of eNews will give you a sneak preview of our Spring 2001 Season.

<title>IP eNews </title>

[This issue focuses on Clayton Hansen, who discusses his writing and what he had in mind for his first book, The Ventriloquist's Child, a hybrid of short fiction and poetry that will vault him onto the national literary scene. Well-published overseas as well as in Australia, Clayton lives and works in Warwick, Queensland with his wife Libby and their two children Ellen and Anthony]

I’ve always enjoyed writing about life. My life as a writer began in a Queensland High School where I had the rare experience of having the same English teacher for five years. It wasn’t really the point of my beginning, my genesis, it was however the point at which I had gathered enough first-time experiences under my belt to be able to be genuinely reflective. Or so I thought.

Clayton H

Twenty years on – and hey, I admit it, I didn’t know so much then. But I know it all now, right? You see, I haven’t learnt anything. Perhaps I’ve learnt that life is a parade: a great and colourful thing that we all participate in, and that it is a terrific place to find the best material for writing.

After more than ten years of writing and publishing poetry and short fiction in Australia and overseas, this first collection, The Ventriloquist’s Child is the culmination of different phases of my life as a writer. It is an attempt to define the sense of voice that permeates the seminal moments of life, whether they are recognized immediately, upon reflection, or not at all. This first book comes with a cast of voices and parts, thoughts, emotions, allusions to time and place and the ephemera of living.

Within the opening pages of  The Ventriloquist’s Child I refer to quote from a story by Anton Chekov. In the selection from the story “The Bird Market”a bird fancier is guiding and development of his junior in the art of bird selection. Where the junior is drawn to the bird that boldly sings at the market, the fancier favours the bird that can sing when it is alone, away from the tumult and frivolity of the market. Short story writers like Chekov, Carver and our own Wilding and Winton, poets like Judith Wright, and playwrights like Louis Nowra have long been able to discern from the throng of voices that which speaks to a greater, perhaps more universal, element of human experience.

It is the experienced ear and eye that produces writing that is accessible to a wide audience. It is the rarest of birds. And when I write, like most writers, I venture into the experience alone, away from the ‘markets’ and hubbub of daily life, and I try to sing. The voice that comes to the page is what I work to refine:  want to do well.

And what I have learnt about writing in the creation of  The Ventriloquist’s Child is that the process of developing that voice is a life-long task. Having the words, even the tune, doesn’t mean you can sing. But as Chekhov’s character says, encouragingly, to his young charge: “…sing in solitude, if you can…” I try. I do. I re-do.

<title>IP eNews </title>


[D A (Tony) Kearney, M.Lim., M.Obfus. Oxb. Hon FARSO FRSL, is a Tasmanian writer whose most recent work, A Frolic in Fiction, has just been released by IP Digital as an e-book]

I am an 81 year old Irish-Australian. Born in Cork, I was sent in chains to Van Dieman’s Land (now Tasmania) in 1938. I was a member of the administrative staff of the University of Tasmania from 1946 to 1978. During this period, I wrote a multitude of agendas, letters, memoranda, minutes and reports. While all were couched in exquisite and exemplary English, they were also incredibly dull.

Tony Kearney

After various part-time activities on behalf of the Tasmanian and Commonwealth Governments from 1978 onwards, I became an unemployed and unemployable human resource in 1994 at the tender age of 75. In order to avoid stagnation and an early grave, I took up writing first as a hobby and then as a part-time career. My output now includes 31 articles, 28 short stories, 18 odes, over 500 limericks and 1 very short play.

My work has appeared in three books –  A Potpourri of Limericks and  Rollicking Ramblings of an Irishman (both VDL Publications. 1997 and 1998 respectively) and most recently  A Frolic in Fiction, an e-book from IP Digital, Brisbane. I write more about this book below.

My stories and poetry have also been published in 200 Years of Australian Writing (an anthology from VDL Publications),  New Writer Magazine (KT Publishing), Tea Time Tales (Readers’ World),  Galloping On (Access Press), and  In Black and White (Murlysdar Publishing).

Awards include first prizes in Oz Writer 1996, Maroochy Arts Festival 1998, Betty Nicholson Memorial 1999 (shared), Salivan (Montreal) 1999 and Readers’ World 2000 Short Story Competitions and numerous high commendations and commendations.

In order to equip myself properly for my onslaught on the literary world, I undertook a correspondence course in short story writing with the Outer Mongolia College of Literature and the Arts and completed it in late 1994.

During my studies, I had perforce to read hundreds of short stories and this experience left me with three impressions. The first was that good novel writers did not necessarily make good short story writers, the second that humour and satire were very scarce commodities in modern literature and particularly in the short story genre and the third – a corollary to the second – that far too much emphasis was given to doom, gloom, sex and violence in that genre.

Now, I have to confess that the first short story I wrote bore the sombre title "Revenge", contained not even one soupcon of humour or satire, but did contain a murder and two suicides, a pervading atmosphere of doom and gloom and even a modicum of sex.

However, lurking in my subconscious, was a desire to frolic in the world of fun and fantasy and suddenly and for no reason, I embarked on an article about limericks – a subject in which I had never before had any interest and about which I knew practically nothing. The result was the book referred to above, the title of the article in it being, "The Aetiology and Physiology of the Genus Vers Limericus".

There then followed a plethora of further limericks, odes, short stories and a series of articles on such esoteric, exotic and, indeed, erotic, subjects as cats ("Get Thee To A Cattery"), pills ("Pill Poppers of the World – Unite"), sheep ("BAA BAA Black Sheep"), breaking wind and breaking fast ("Wind Breaking, Fast Breaking and Related Matters"), nuts ("Nutty As A Fruit Cake") and obfuscation (four articles including "The Ancient and Royal Society of Obfuscators").

A Frolic in Fiction contains a comprehensive selection of these works — four articles, 39 limericks, nine odes, one play and four short stories. Their common ingredients are humour and satire and the message it is hoped they convey is THE IMPORTANCE IN MODERN LITERATURE OF NOT ALWAYS BEING EARNEST.



[Komninos Zervos, who lives at the Gold Coast, Queensland, is a pioneer in cyberpoetry. His work Cyberpoetry Underground has been short-listed for the Electronic Literature Organization's Award (see the neighbouring column). He has kindly agreed to share his impressions of an important American centre for poetry of all forms.]

greetings from buffalo new york.

i'm here for e-Poetry 2001, the first conference on electronic poetry organized by the electronic poetry centre. i did not realize the importance of buffalo new york before i arrived. although i have been a member of the ub poetics list for a couple of years now.

Buffalo is the home of the University of Buffalo poetics program, teaching exclusively poetry to graduate and
post-graduate students. It has direct links to two major poetic movements in contemporary American poetry, the black mountain poets, Charles Olson and Robert Creeley moved to this campus and taught here in the late sixties, and Charles Bernstein and Susan Howe of the L=A=N=G=U=A=G=E poet movement, were employed in the eighties to teach in the graduate school and build up the poetics program. It is also host to one of the finest rare book and manuscript collections in the world.

The collection has as its goal the
collection of all first edition poetry books since 1900. The collection contains much visual and sound poetry as well and is curated by michael basinski a prominent member of the fluxus group. Robert Bertholf is the curator of the rare books collection which contains the archives of james joyce, notebooks, manuscripts, his own collection of poetry books, and much personaltreasures donated by his grandson stephen joyce.

I held James Joyce's passport and wore his thick glasses, flipped through a collection of ts eliot poems signed by the author to joyce, ran my fingures over the edited manuscripts and colour coded notebooks full of words he had found or made up, which eventually found their way into finnigan's wake. A totally mind blowing experience.

Scholars from all around the world come to Buffalo to study the archive. There is an ample representation of Australian Poetry and Robert spoke fondly of Robert Adamson and John Tranter, who have visited the archive.

oh and if that is not enough a reason to visit the university of Buffalo, they are also hosting the first electronic poetry conference with representatives from 13 different countries coming to discuss this new mode of existence of poetry.

Organized by Loss Glazier, the conference over four days has been a great success with digital presentations and academic papers from france, belgium, malaysia, germany, u.k., usa, mexico, brazil, and austria as well as my contribution from australia. i have been video-ing the experience and will edit a report when i get back. Each hour gets more exciting and only two days have passed,

it seems like i have been here for a year. i "knew" nearly all of the present-ers through e-mail correspondence prior to arrival and flesh factoring with these people for the first time after five years is a little overwhelming.

i will try to post again soon, its 3am, i'm still running on an australian clock and can't wait to share my experiences with the list.


cheers

komninos

<title>IP eNews </title>

[Dr. Thea Iberall is a poet and scientist living in Los Angeles, California. Thea has had her work published in Rattle, Spillway, Common Lives, Peregrine XVI, ONTHE-BUS, Next... Magazine, and the Lesbian News, and has written three chapbooks of poetry. Thea represented Los Angeles at the 1998 National Poetry Slam Competition in Austin, Texas, where the team took third place out of 45 cities. In addition to her creative writing, Thea has a Ph.D. in Computer Science from the University of Massachusetts and has written three scientific textbooks and numerous articles on human brain function and hands.]

What is Contexual Poetry?

There is a boundary between the science and the arts, between history and the present. As we move from an education steeped in classical knowledge to books such as Spoonfed Stuff for Dummies, what will happen to thousands years of accumulated history, science, philosophy, and theology? Our libraries will soon be bursting at the seams with digitized information, yet we increasingly live in a world of trivia and instantaneous solutions: the useless cultural tidbits of  Who Wants to Be a Millionaire, fast-food restaurants, and a pill for every problem.

We need knowledge in our lives, for ourselves as well as for future generations. But if we don’t find a way to bring it in coherently we will stumble over anything that takes too long to learn or to find with our search engines. Science writers and historians try to explain the past and its discoveries, but is there a way to go beyond explanation and achieve a true dialog? Can poets participate in this quest for wisdom and provide insights into human life against a backdrop of history?

Contextual poetry is a form of expres- sion that integrates the knowledge of multidisciplinary science and history with the insights and language of poetry. A contextual poem is a poem with supporting material. The supporting material allows the writer to explore the deeper knowledge underlying a poem. It can be an essay, a scientific demonstra-tion, an image. The essay should be about the same size as the poem. Beyond essay, this expands into a variety of multimedia dimensions, as our currently static books evolve beyond the written page into hypertext, intertextuality, and interactive literature.

The rules for writing a contextual poem are simple:

1. the context is not an explanation or an epigraph, but a jumping off point for a dialogue of integration

2. the context and poem together provide insights

3. they should be able to stand alone, but resonate with each other

4. scientific and historical references should be cited, drawn from
diverse
disciplines, accessible and available to an audience

5. experts in the pertinent fields should help evolve the context

The poem may be separated from the context, so the poem must stand on its own feet and have its own strengths. But anyone who wants to know more will be intrigued to read the context. The context should raise questions. It should be thought provoking. It is a teaching tool, a start of something, a place to start exploring. The citations should take interested readers into dimensions they didn't know about before. A hypertextual version of a contextual poem provides the reader/ user experience a tactile interaction with the poem. However, I would contain the context into a manageable, thought provoking chunk of knowledge. The danger of hyperlinking is supplying too much information and too many answers.

How does one write a contextual poem?

I start with the poem, and then ask myself what has been left unsaid due to the structural confines of the poem. I identify disciplines to draw on for facts, theories, ideas, and supporting evi-dence, and then people and resources.

After writing the context, I go to experts for refining the accuracy, extent, and citation relevancy of the essay. Invariably, we discuss the poem as well, thus initiating a dialogue that hopefully continues as “ripples in a pond”. I have developed a questionnaire that asks questions regarding accuracy, relevance, depth, and problems with my essay.

Historical roots for context Erasmus Darwin (1731-1802), the grandfather of Charles Darwin, was a physician, inventor, and poet. His scientific writing was far ranging and brilliant. Erasmus published  Phytologia, developing new ideas and major discoveries in the areas of plant physiology, plant food, photo-synthesis, plant diseases, agriculture, and a philosophy of organic happiness (i.e., more active animals have a greater capacity for happiness and thus survival).

As a poet, he was the leading poet of his day. Interestingly, he incorporated his scientific theories and ideas into his poems. In 1789, Erasmus interspersed three prose interludes, totaling 31 pages, into his poem “The Loves of the Plants.” These essays discussed the differences and links between prose, poetry, drama, tragedy, painting, and music. In 1792, he published a poem “The Botanic Garden” with about 80,000 lines of notes.

While the poem was about the birth of the universe and the world, the notes mostly concerned the 'sciences of the Earth' – vegetation, geology, and the atmosphere. The notes included at least two drawings, one showing a cross section of the Earth, another a model of the atmosphere.

Darwin was read widely, influencing younger poets such as Samuel Taylor Coleridge, William Wordsworth, Percy Shelley, and writers such as Mary Shelley. In  The Rime of the Ancient Mariner, Coleridge drew on Phytologia for its notions of universal sympathy and organic happiness. Darwin's influence is also seen on Coleridge's  Kubla Khan, Wordsworth's  Goody Blake and Harry Gill and Tintern Alley, Shelley's  Prometheus Unbound and  Queen Mab and Mary Shelley's Frankenstein.

As science ascended in importance and gained a place for a separate technical education, there has been a growing bifurcation between the arts and the sciences. In 1959, the mutual suspicion and incomprehension had escalated, leading C. P. Snow to argue that there were two cultures, the literary intellectuals and the natural scientist. A successful novelist and scientific researcher, Snow argued that we had lost a common culture, that people could 'no longer communicate with each other on the plane of their intellectual concern.' He remarked how bizarre that 'very little of twentieth-century science has been assimilated into twentieth-century art.'

Since a culture (scientific or otherwise) is a set of assumptions, a common vocabulary, and methods, unless one is studied in the field, it is incomprehensible. Non-scientists are tone deaf to science. For example, Snow went around asking people if they knew the  Second Law of Thermodynamics and got blank stares. Since Snow's time, there has been a continual sprouting of sub-disciplines with rigid divisions lead ing to lack of mutual comprehension and feelings of superiority. Aldous Huxley says science focuses on the public world, literature the private.

Contexual poetry and hypertextuality Using the Internet, hypermedia documents can be open-ended, thus implementing the notion of intertext-uality, a term coined in the 1960s by Julia Kristeva to refer to the way texts lack independent meaning. However, as Greco and Bennett (Intertextuality, NY: Routledge, 2000) point out, it is necessary that 'artists in this medium must continually devise strategies to strike a balance between effective multilinearity and utter fragmentation.'

While context can be a reason to use hypertextuality as a method of presentation for a poem, contextual poems do not need hypertextuality.
Resonance and insights between the context and the poem are important. The poem should not get lost. After all, the form is poetry.

For examples of contexual poems and to learn more about contextual poetry workshops, visit www.contextualpoetry.com.

<title>IP eNews </title>

A few months ago IP announced our PPP (Pitch your Project to the Publisher) Program in which we invited writers' groups in regional Queensland to assist us in identifying authors whose work might be publishable in one of our three imprints: Interactive Press, Glass House Books or IP Digital.

This Program is partly funded by the grant we receive from Arts Queensland in support of our publishing program.

We're pleased to announce that the first PPP sessions will be held in Cairns from 1-3 June and on the Atherton Table-lands the following week (dates to be confirmed).

The venue for the Cairns events will be the Cairns Library, where David will talk about IP Digital's plans for e-publishing, give a demo of his multimedia interactive work The Gallery and read from  Letters We Never Sent to show how that work was adapted into multimedia form. Presentations and readings are planned for Friday afternoon and evening and Sunday afternoon.

The Cairns events are being arranged and generously sponsored by Arts Nexus, who will also be scheduling PPP appointments. The contact there is Eve Stafford.

Given IP's commitment to publishing projects in regional Queensland, David is keen to meet with prospective authors and multimedia artists during his stay and has asked that they send him samples of their work and a synopsis in advance of the meeting. You can register your interest by email.

The Atherton Tablelands sessions will be held in either Ravenshoe or Malanda. For further information, please contact Lynn Saez (Malanda) or David de Vaux (Ravenshoe).

We are hoping to schedule further sessions up north later in the year, but we encourage groups interested in participating to contact us as soon as possible.